This gene encodes a protein that belongs to the pi3/pi4-kinase family of proteins. The gene product is an enzyme that phosphorylates phosphoinositides on the 3-hydroxyl group of the inositol ring. It is an important modulator of extracellular signals, including those elicited by E-cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion, which plays an important role in maintenance of the structural and functional integrity of epithelia. In addition to its role in promoting assembly of adherens junctions, the protein is thought to play a pivotal role in the regulation of cytotoxicity in NK cells. The gene is located in a commonly deleted segment of chromosome 7 previously identified in myeloid leukemias. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008].
Subcellular location: Cytoplasm
Synonyms: PK3CG_HUMAN, Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma isoform, PI3-kinase subunit gamma, PI3K-gamma, PI3Kgamma, PtdIns-3-kinase subunit gamma, Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase 110 kDa catalytic subunit gamma, PtdIns-3-kinase subunit p110-gamma, p110gamma, Phosphoinositide-3-kinase catalytic gamma polypeptide, Serine/threonine protein kinase PIK3CG, 1 phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase, p120-PI3K, p120 PI3K, 5-bisphosphate 3-kinase 110 kDa catalytic subunit gamma, 5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit gamma isoform, p110 gamma, Phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase catalytic 110 kD gamma,