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Human CD31 Protein expressed in HEK-293T Cells - ABIN1684606
Kitazume, Imamaki, Kurimoto, Ogawa, Kato, Yamaguchi, Tanaka, Ishida, Ando, Kiso, Hashii, Kawasaki, Taniguchi: Interaction of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM) with α2,6-sialylated glycan regulates its cell surface residency and anti-apoptotic role. in The Journal of biological chemistry 2014
Human CD31 Protein expressed in HEK-293 Cells - ABIN2181646
Guzzo, Ichikawa, Park, Phillips, Liu, Zhang, Kwon, Miao, Lu, Rehm, Arthos, Cicala, Cohen, Fauci, Kehrl, Lusso: Virion incorporation of integrin α4β7 facilitates HIV-1 infection and intestinal homing. in Science immunology 2017
This work provides the first evidence of a global signaling event in response to a localized mechanical stress.
novel pathway for PECAM-1 regulation
PECAM-1 may not function as a major mechanoreceptor for activation of MAPK and AKT in ECs and that there are likely to be other mechanoreceptors in ECs functioning to detect shear stress and trigger intercellular signals.
PECAM-1 and Fyn are essential components of a PECAM-1-based mechanosensory complex in endothelial cells
PECAM-1 plays a role in the early pathogenesis of thrombotic meningoencephalitis.
These data demonstrate that PECAM-1 expression is dynamically regulated, albeit differently, in both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells
These findings indicate that double immunostaining for TK1/CD31 can detect activated tumor vessels more accurately than staining for Ki67/CD31 and potentially could identify tumors that will respond to anti-angiogenic therapy.
p53 but not CD31 may predict survival of ovarian cancer patients
High CD31 expression is associated with Central Giant Cell Granuloma.
TNF-alpha and IL-10 treatment can affect the expression of ICAM-1 and CD31 in human coronary artery endothelial cells.
High CD31 expression is associated with early-stage, but not in late-stage, laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.
Adenocarcinomas showed significantly higher staining scores of both VEGF and alphaSMA than squamous cell carcinomas did. In 42 cases of high CD31 score, five-year survival rate (87%) of patients with lung cancer showing mature tumor vessels was significantly better than that (69%) of patients with immature tumor vessels
Differences in trafficking of CD31(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes during acute influenza infection could modulate tolerance and contribute to a dampened adaptive immune response in neonates
Cell adhesion assays on wildtype and mutant PECAM-1 further characterized the structural determinants in cell junction and communication.
In primary hip OA, angiogenesis may be induced by a combined mechanism: hypoxia-related VEGF-dependent vasculogenesis and endothelial differentiation of the activated pluripotent cells, which are released from the hyperplastic synovial cells layer. An endothelial mesenchymal transition is assumed to be involved in the fibrotic process.
upregulation of sVEGFR-1 with concomitant decline of PECAM-1 and sVEGFR-2 levels in preeclampsia compared to normotensive pregnancies, Irrespective of the HIV status
Increased expression of PECAM-1, ICAM-3, and VCAM-1 in colonic biopsies from patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in clinical remission is associated with subsequent flares; this suggests that increases in the expression of these proteins may be early events that lead to flares in patients with IBD.
PECAM-1 gene polymorphisms are associated with Kawasaki disease with and without coronary artery lesions in Chinese children.
Our combined data indicate that as HPMECs achieve confluence and CD31 ectodomains become homophilically engaged, multiple SFKs are activated to increase tyrosine phosphorylation of p120ctn, which in turn, functions as a cross-bridging adaptor molecule that physically couples NEU1 to CD31, permitting NEU1-mediated desialylation of CD31.
Sirt1 expression is associated with CD31 expression in endothelial progenitor cells from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
we found a significant cumulative contribution of the genetic heterogeneity of glycoproteins Ia and IIIa and platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 and P-Selectin genes in the risk of recurrent IVF-ET failures. The coexistence of these SNPs was associated with increased IVF-ET failure risk and the more polymorphic alleles or genotypes were present the higher the risk of IVF-ET failure, especially for younger women
Dimer conformation of soluble PECAM-1
RrgA, binds both polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR) and PECAM-1, whereas the choline binding protein PspC binds, but to a lower extent, only pIgR
this study shows a significant role for CD31 during T cell development
Cells in high glucose for 7 days showed a significant decrease in mRNA expression of CD31 and VE-cadherin, and a significant increase in that of alpha-SMA and collagen I.
Study confirmes that the presence of functional PECAM1 on the endothelium promotes a proliferative tumor cell phenotype in vivo and in vitro. These proproliferative effects were mediated by soluble endothelialderived factors that are dependent on PECAM1 homophilic ligand interactions, but are independent of PECAM1dependent signaling.
PECAM is required for fibronectin assembly in vascular endothelium during flow-mediated vascular remodeling.
Stromal DNA replication was highly activated in the uterus of CD31(-/-) mice, manifested by upregulated cyclin series signaling and PCNA expression after E2 + P4 treatment. Collectively, CD31 inhibits E2 -mediated epithelial proliferation via recruitment and phosphorylation of SHP-2 upon receiving P4 signal in early pregnancy.
findings suggest that PECAM-1 enhances SDF-1-induced chemotaxis by augmenting and prolonging activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTORC1 pathway and Rap1 and that PECAM-1, at least partly, exerts its activity by inhibiting SDF-1-induced internalization of CXCR4
The data in this study provide evidence for the differential involvement of PECAM-1-ligand interactions in PECAM-1-dependent motility and the extension of filopodia.
Both the number of lung CD31-CD45-Sca-1+ cells and the expression levels of the Shh signaling pathway were downregulated in the lung tissues of mice with pulmonary emphysema. These cells and Shh signaling pathway are reactivated during acute adenovirus infection.
In FVB/n mice, PECAM functions upstream of CD99 in leukocyte diapedesis and blocking antibodies against either molecule arrest neutrophils before they traverse the endothelium. However, in C57BL/6 mice, PECAM and CD99 appear to function at a different step, as the same antibodies arrest leukocyte migration through the endothelial basement membrane.
These studies indicate a role for PECAM-1 in enhancing the inhibitory functions of TGF-beta in T cells
PECAM1 acts upstream of Gab1, promoting Gab1/Akt/eNOS phosphorylation and activation, thereby confers EC responsiveness to flow.
Radiation-induced stress conditions induce a transient accumulation of granulocytes within the liver by down-regulation/absence of PECAM-1.
CD31 gene transfer is sufficient to recapitulate the cytoprotective mechanisms in CD31(-) pancreatic beta cells, which become resistant to immune-mediated rejection when grafted in fully allogeneic recipients
PECAM1+ melanoma cells form vascular channels
Data indicate that in lymphocyte specific 1 protein (LSP1)-deficient mice, PECAM-1 expression was reduced in endothelial cells, but not in neutrophils.
Nck promoted oxidative stress-induced activation of NF-kappaB by coupling the tyrosine phosphorylation of PECAM-1 (platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1) to the activation of p21-activated kinase
PECAM-1 has a role in mediating the profibrotic and prometastasic environment caused by ethanol in endothelial cells
the T cell co-inhibitory receptor CD31 prevents the formation of functional T/B immunological synapses and that therapeutic strategies aimed at sustaining CD31 signaling will attenuate the development of autoimmune responses in vivo.
MMP-9 activity disrupts vascular integrity at least partially through a PECAM-1 dependent mechanism and interferes with regeneration of steatotic livers after ischemia/reperfusion injury.
The protein encoded by this gene is found on the surface of platelets, monocytes, neutrophils, and some types of T-cells, and makes up a large portion of endothelial cell intercellular junctions. The encoded protein is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily and is likely involved in leukocyte migration, angiogenesis, and integrin activation.
platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule
, CD31 antigen
, platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule (CD31 antigen)
, type I transmembrane endothelial adhesion molecule