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Data show that CD4 (zeige CD4 ELISA Kits)(+) and WC1(+) gammadelta T-cells were induced to produce IL-17 (zeige IL17A ELISA Kits) termed Th17 and gammadelta17 cells.
The endocytosis and signaling of the gamma-delta T cell coreceptor WC1 are regulated by a dileucine motif.
WC1 is a hybrid gamma-delta TCR coreceptor and pattern recognition receptor for pathogenic bacteria.
Identification of differences in the signal transduction through the endodomains of WC1 contributes to understanding the functional role of the WC1 coreceptors in the gammadelta T cell responses.
Specific receptors in the WC1 family directly participate in Leptospira recognition and/or activation of gamma-delta T cells.
These findings revealed that despite the existence of a distinct bovine CD4 (zeige CD4 ELISA Kits)(+)CD25 (zeige IL2RA ELISA Kits)(high) T cell population, which showed Foxp3 (zeige FOXP3 ELISA Kits) transcription/expression, natural regulatory activity did not reside in this cell population
Sudies demonstrate that WC1 molecules are encoded by a large, multi-gene family whose transcripts undergo extensive alternative splicing.
Wilson's disease results from mutations that cause absent or markedly diminished levels of ATP7B that can be determined in dried blood spots using a novel immune-SRM (zeige SRM ELISA Kits) assay.
The P-type copper ATPases ATP7A (zeige ATP7A ELISA Kits) and ATP7B provide an important system for acquisition, active transport, distribution and elimination of copper. Relevance of copper metabolism to human diseases and therapy is already known. It is quite certain that further studies will reveal detailed and useful information on biochemical mechanisms and relevance to diseases
the mechanism of copper-dependent regulation of ATP7B and ATP7A (zeige ATP7A ELISA Kits), the roles of individual MBDs, and the relationship between the regulatory and catalytic copper binding are still unknown. We describe the structure and dynamics of the MBDs, review the current knowledge about their functional roles and propose a mechanism of regulation of ATP7B by copper-dependent changes in the dynamics and conformation of the MBD (zeige DPEP1 ELISA Kits) chain.
ATP-dependent copper transfer in ATP7A (zeige ATP7A ELISA Kits)/B is not affected by varying the pH, suggesting that net proton counter-transport may not occur in copper ATPases. Platinum anticancer drugs activate ATP7A (zeige ATP7A ELISA Kits)/B and are subjected to ATP-dependent vectorial displacement with a mechanism analogous to that of copper
Expression of the most frequent ATP7B mutant, H1069Q, activates p38 (zeige CRK ELISA Kits) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase signaling pathways, which favor the rapid degradation of the mutant.
Results reveal that partial gene deletions in ATP7B represent causative mutations in some of the uncharacterized Wilson's disease alleles.
It has been demonstrated in ovarian cancer cells that cisplatin resistance and uptake correlates with reduced CTR1 (zeige SLC31A1 ELISA Kits) and LRRC8A (zeige LRRC8A ELISA Kits) protein expression/activity and a concomitant upregulation in cisplatin exporting transporters (ATP7A (zeige ATP7A ELISA Kits), ATP7B), which implies that the resistant cells have a reduced ability to accumulate cisplatin and activate proapoptotic transporters for osmolytes.
Stratified analysis by genotypes revealed that both outdoor and indoor copper exposure increased inattentiveness in ATP7B rs1061472-CC and rs1801243-CC carriers.
ATP7B mutant cell lines showed different degrees of cell survival and characteristic responses upon treatment with Zn and D-penicillamine.
Five of the nineteen mutations in ATP7B were newly detected mutations; moreover, 8 of these mutations were polymorphic (2 were newly identified).
This study showed that knockout of Atp7b led to altered lipid metabolism and liver steatosis in the absence of inflammation.
ATP7B is transported from the trans-Golgi network (TGN (zeige TG ELISA Kits)) to the bile canaliculus by basolateral sorting and endocytosis, and microtubule-mediated transcytosis through the subapical compartment.
Data indicate that the copper-transporting ATPase (zeige DNAH8 ELISA Kits) gene (Atp7b) knockout mice showed a drastic, time-dependent accumulation of hepatic copper.
The aim of this study was to identify copper disturbances according to various brain compartments and further dissect the causal relationship between copper storage and neuronal damage using Atp7b(-/-) mice.
DKWSLLL sequence is essential for ATP7b sorting at the TGN (zeige TG ELISA Kits), transport from the TGN (zeige TG ELISA Kits) to the PM, endocytosis, and recycling to the TGN (zeige TG ELISA Kits) and PM.
Ligand-activated nuclear receptors FXR/NR1H4 (zeige NR1H4 ELISA Kits) and GR/NR3C1 (zeige NR3C1 ELISA Kits) and nuclear receptor interacting partners are less abundant in Atp7b(-/-) hepatocyte nuclei.
By performing dynamic PET, authors obtained the first real-time measurements of 64Cu distribution in the organs or tissues of Atp7b -/- mice.
Clusterin (zeige CLU ELISA Kits) and COMMD1 (zeige COMMD1 ELISA Kits) independently regulate degradation of the mammalian copper ATPases ATP7A (zeige ATP7A ELISA Kits) and ATP7B.
Neuroinflammatory and behavioural changes in the Atp7B mutant mouse model of Wilson's disease.
The Jackson toxic milk mouse as a model for copper loading
A copper-dependent ATPase (zeige DNAH8 ELISA Kits) hydrolysis in a native Golgi-enriched preparation from liver, was characterized.
This gene is a member of the P-type cation transport ATPase family and encodes a protein with several membrane-spanning domains, an ATPase consensus sequence, a hinge domain, a phosphorylation site, and at least 2 putative copper-binding sites. This protein functions as a monomer, exporting copper out of the cells, such as the efflux of hepatic copper into the bile. Alternate transcriptional splice variants, encoding different isoforms with distinct cellular localizations, have been characterized. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Wilson disease (WD).
ATPase, Cu++ transporting, beta polypeptide
, copper-transporting ATPase beta subunit
, ATPase, Cu++ transporting, beta polypeptide (Wilson disease)
, Wilson's disease protein
, copper-transporting ATPase
, copper-transporting ATPase 2
, copper-transporting ATPase 2-like
, ATPase, Cu(2+)- transporting, beta polypeptide
, Wilson disease-associated protein
, copper pump 2
, Wilson protein
, toxic milk
, wilson disease-associated protein homolog
, ATPase, Cu++ transporting, beta polypeptide (same as Wilson disease)
, PINA gene, promoter
, pineal night-specific ATPase
, ATPase, Cu(2+)-transporting, beta polypeptide
, ATPase 7B protein
, scavenger receptor cysteine-rich type 1 protein M160
, scavenger-receptor protein