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anti-Human SMAD2 Antikörper:
anti-Mouse (Murine) SMAD2 Antikörper:
anti-Rat (Rattus) SMAD2 Antikörper:
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Human Polyclonal SMAD2 Primary Antibody für IF, IHC - ABIN6711985
Ma, Chen, Xia, Shu, Guo, Wang, Xu, Bai, Zhang, Zhang, Zhang, Wang, Leng: Prostaglandin E2 promotes liver cancer cell growth by the upregulation of FUSE-binding protein 1 expression. in International journal of oncology 2013
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Polyclonal SMAD2 Primary Antibody für ELISA, WB - ABIN539483
Bruna, Darken, Rojo, Ocaña, Peñuelas, Arias, Paris, Tortosa, Mora, Baselga, Seoane: High TGFbeta-Smad activity confers poor prognosis in glioma patients and promotes cell proliferation depending on the methylation of the PDGF-B gene. in Cancer cell 2007
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Chicken Polyclonal SMAD2 Primary Antibody für IHC (p), WB - ABIN4354661
Xu, Xue, Li, Bi, Cao: Marek's disease virus type 1 microRNA miR-M3 suppresses cisplatin-induced apoptosis by targeting Smad2 of the transforming growth factor beta signal pathway. in Journal of virology 2010
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Human Polyclonal SMAD2 Primary Antibody für ICC, IHC (p) - ABIN3044112
Tao, Hu, Li, Liu, Wu, Li, Fu, Wei, Luo: Tranilast prevents the progression of chronic cyclosporine nephrotoxicity through regulation of transforming growth factor ?/Smad pathways. in Transplantation proceedings 2011
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Human Polyclonal SMAD2 Primary Antibody für WB - ABIN6687654
Shao, Song, Hua, Zhang, Sun, Kong, Wang, Luo, Jiang: Gamma synuclein is a novel Twist1 target that promotes TGF-β-induced cancer cell migration and invasion. in Cell death & disease 2018
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Human Polyclonal SMAD2 Primary Antibody für WB - ABIN6148079
Liu, Zhang, Su, Wang, Liu, Kong: Effects of cholecalciferol cholesterol emulsion on renal fibrosis and aquaporin 2 and 4 in mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction. in Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy 2018
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Human Monoclonal SMAD2 Primary Antibody für ICC, FACS - ABIN969401
Wendt, Smith, Schiemann: p130Cas is required for mammary tumor growth and transforming growth factor-beta-mediated metastasis through regulation of Smad2/3 activity. in The Journal of biological chemistry 2009
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Human Polyclonal SMAD2 Primary Antibody für WB - ABIN6671593
Xiao, Ye, Zhou, Huang, Liu, Huang, Zhu, Wu, Zhang, Cai: Baicalin inhibits pressure overload-induced cardiac fibrosis through regulating AMPK/TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway. in Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 2018
Human Monoclonal SMAD2 Primary Antibody für ChIP, FACS - ABIN6660686
Pang, Li, Mo, Huang, Deng, Lei, Zheng, Feng, Xie, Gao: IFI16 is involved in HBV-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure inflammation. in BMC gastroenterology 2018
analysis of the structural basis for R-SMAD recognition by MAN1 using SMAD2-MAN1 and SMAD1-MAN1 complex structures
SMAD2 single nucleotide polymorphism rs11082639 is associated with metabolic syndrome in a Taiwanese population.
TGIF1 homeodomain interacts with Smad2/Smad4 MH1 domains and represses TGF-beta signaling.
the crucial role played by Smad2 in promoting Mst1-mediated cell apoptosis and mitochondrial stress, is reported.
High Smad2 expression is associated with endometrial carcinoma.
Study determined that SMAD2 was a direct target of miR-455, and the restoration of SMAD2 rescued cell growth and invasion that were reduced by DLEU2 knockdown or miR-455 overexpression. In addition, low miR-455 expression and high SMAD2 expression was correlated with poor patient survival.
Occupational nickel exposure could increase the expression of Nkx2.1 and pSmad2, which correlated with the nickel-induced oxidative damage and DNA repair change.
TFAP2A-AS1 was revealed to act as a miRNA sponge for miR-933 and then regulated the expression of Smad2. CONCLUSIONS Results from the present study suggest that TFAP2A-AS1 acts as a tumor suppressor in BC via the miR-933/SMAD2 axis.
ACVR1C/SMAD2 pathway in promoting invasion and growth of retinoblastoma
recruitment of the forkhead protein FOXH1 on open chromatin regions integrates the signals of Activin/Smad2 and Wnt/beta-catenin to activate the expression of the ME genes including HAS2 and ALDH3A2 Consistently, H3K27me3 decrease is enriched on open chromatin around regulatory regions
PSPC1 increases transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) secretion through an interaction with phosphorylated and nuclear Smad2/3 to potentiate TGF-beta1 autocrine signaling, promoting epithelial mesenchymal transformation, stemness and metastasis.
Results show that SMAD2 expression is regulated by miR361 which directly binds to its 3'UTR, decreasing protein expression.
Curcumin can suppress TGF-beta1-induced CTGF expression in human gingival fibroblasts through the interruption of Smad2 signaling.
The important role of GP73 in regulating EMT and metastasis in HCC partly by targeting TGF-beta1/Smad2 signaling.
Results demonstrated that SMAD2 and SMAD3 are directly targeted by miR505 inhibiting the activity of TGFbeta signaling in prostate cancer (PCa) cells.
Findings suggest that TGFbeta is implicated in the pathogenesis of hereditary cerebral hemorrhage with amyloidosis-Dutch type. We found an upregulation in gene expression of several components of the TGFbeta pathway and its direct downstream signaling targets as well as a strong correlation of pSMAD2/3 deposits with cerebral amyloid angiopathy load.
The present study highlights possible new molecular mechanisms involving progesterone, including inhibition of TGF-beta1-activated Smad signaling and TGF-beta1-regulated genes involved in bronchopulmonary dysplasia pathogenesis, which are likely to attenuate the development of BPD by inhibiting TGF-beta1-mediated airway remodeling.
Overall, these findings suggest a more dominant role for SMAD3 and SMAD4 than SMAD2 in TGFbeta-induced chondrogenesis of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells.
the results of the present study indicated that miR4865p was upregulated in Osteoarthritis and may inhibit chondrocyte proliferation and migration by suppressing SMAD2.
relevance of the discovered Sirt1-Smad2 interaction for the regulation of TGFbeta-dependent gene transcription
the present work provides evidence supporting a functional role of SMAD2/3 in bovine early embryogenesis
Mechanical compression not only with physiological but also with excessive stress can activate Smad2/3P signaling, which is known to be protective for articular cartilage and to block chondrocyte terminal differentiation.
a detailed computational model for TGF-beta signalling that incorporates elements of previous models together with crosstalking between Smad1/5/8 and Smad2/3 channels through a negative feedback loop dependent on Smad7.
Activin A and overexpression of SMAD2/3 significantly promoted expressions of porcine NANOG and OCT4,maintaining induced pluripotent stem cell self-renewal through up-regulation of Nanog/OCT4 expression.
The non-Smad JNK signaling pathway, which is downstream of Nodal signaling, regulates nuclear movement independently of the Smad pathway, and this nuclear movement is associated with Smad signal transduction toward the nucleus.
The results of this study found that Bptf and TGF-beta/Smad2 mediate nucleosome remodeling to regulate wnt8a expression and hence neural posteriorization.
Smad2 and Eomesodermin a (Eomesa) bind common genomic regions proximal to genes involved in mesoderm and endoderm formation, suggesting Eomesa forms a general component of the Smad2 signalling complex in zebrafish.
These results reveal that kinesin-mediated transport of Smad2 along microtubules to the receptors is an essential step in ligand-induced Smad2 activation.
study systemically uncovers a large number of Smad2 targets in early gastrulas and suggests cooperative roles of Smad2 and other transcription factors in controlling target gene transcription
Nodal signaling and mesendoderm induction depend on Smad2/3 and suggest that transforming growth factor-beta signals other than Nodal also contribute to Smad2/3 signaling and embryonic patterning.
Smad2/3 activities play important roles not only in mesendodermal development but also in neural development during early vertebrate embryogenesis
Grg4 occupancy at the Xnr1 enhancer significantly decreases with Smad2 overexpression.Nodal-activated Smad2 physically displaces Grg4 from FoxH1 at the Xnr1 enhancer, an essential feature of the transcriptional switch mechanism.
E2a is necessary to drive transcription of Smad2/3 target genes, including critical regulators of dorsal cell fate and morphogenesis
GDF11 has a central role in the activation of Smad2 phosphorylation in tailbud stage Xenopus embryos.
XPIASy functions as an essential negative regulator of the XSmad2 pathway to ensure proper mesoderm induction at the appropriate time and in the appropriate region.
High Smad2 expression is associated with pulmonary fibrosis.
These data reveal a novel function of CD105 in beige adipocytes: maintaining their thermogenic program by regulating Smad2 signaling.
Our findings generate a mouse model to study the roles of SMAD2/3 in the uterus and serve to provide insight into the mechanism by which the endometrium can escape the plethora of growth regulatory proteins
Here the authors have demonstrated that TGF-beta/Smad signaling plays an important role in Laser-induced choroidal neovascularization formation through down-regulation of VEGF and TNF-alpha expressions.
SnoN plays an important in vivo role in adipocyte differentiation and white adipose tissue development in vivo by decreasing activity in the activin/Smad2 signaling pathway.
the role of renal Smad2 in the development of tubulointerstitial fibrosis and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition during streptozotocin-induced diabetic nephropathy by using a fibroblast-specific protein 1 (FSP1)-promotor-driven SMAD2 knockout mouse model, is reported.
The expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR)4 and NF-kappaB p50 was also inhibited by Andro. Additionally, in vitro data confirmed that Andro treatment not only attenuated the expression of profibrotic and proinflammatory factors but also blocked the TGF-beta1/Smad2 and TLR4/NF-kappaB p50 pathways.
both ERK and Smad2 signal pathways are involved in the activation of macrophages induced by TGF-b1 and high-ambient glucose, while there is no crosstalk shown in the process.
Activin signaling through SMAD2/3 in retinal progenitor cells regulates expression of transcription factors involved in cell type determination and promotes photoreceptor lineage specification.
Kidney samples from patients with advanced stages of diabetic nephropathy showed elevated pSmad2 staining whereas db/db mouse kidneys surprisingly showed a decrease in pSmad2 in the tubular compartment. These results indicate a lack of translation from type 2 diabetes patient kidneys to the db/db model with regards to Smad signaling pathway.
Results suggest that Smad2/3 linker threonine phosphorylation is expressed during acinar-ductal metaplasia.
NODAL/Activin signaling induces dramatic chromatin landscape changes, and a dynamic transcriptional network regulated by SMAD2, acting via multiple mechanisms.
Blocking Smad2/3 signaling in pluripotent stem cells results in epigenetic changes that enhance the capacity for endoderm differentiation.
cells expressing mutant huntingtin have a dysregulated transcriptional response to epidermal growth factor stimulation
Smad2- and Smad3-deficient bone marrow (BM) cells display reduced sensitivity to transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) inhibition.
Data (including data from studies using knockout mice) suggest Garp/Lrrc32 is involved in up-regulation of Tgfb3 and is essential for embryogenesis of palate; Garp knockout causes postnatal lethality, cleft palate, and decreased apoptosis and Smad2 phosphorylation in medial edge epithelial cells of palatal shelf of embryos. (Garp = glycoprotein A repetitions predominant protein; Tgfb3 = transforming growth factor beta 3)
This study tested the hypothesis that inhibins act in an autocrine manner on Leydig cells using a pre-pubertal Leydig cell line, TM3, as a model of immature Leydig cells.
Lnc-LFAR1 binds directly to Smad2/3 and promotes transcription of TGFbeta, Smad2, Smad3, Notch2 and Notch3 which, in turn, results in TGFbeta and Notch pathway activation.
P311 is a novel TGFbeta1/Smad signaling-mediated regulator of transdifferentiation in epidermal stem cells during cutaneous wound healing.
the levels of Smad2/3, P-Smad2/3 expressions were decreased, while the level of Smad7 expression was increased after treatment with osthole.
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the SMAD, a family of proteins similar to the gene products of the Drosophila gene 'mothers against decapentaplegic' (Mad) and the C. elegans gene Sma. SMAD proteins are signal transducers and transcriptional modulators that mediate multiple signaling pathways. This protein mediates the signal of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, and thus regulates multiple cellular processes, such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. This protein is recruited to the TGF-beta receptors through its interaction with the SMAD anchor for receptor activation (SARA) protein. In response to TGF-beta signal, this protein is phosphorylated by the TGF-beta receptors. The phosphorylation induces the dissociation of this protein with SARA and the association with the family member SMAD4. The association with SMAD4 is important for the translocation of this protein into the nucleus, where it binds to target promoters and forms a transcription repressor complex with other cofactors. This protein can also be phosphorylated by activin type 1 receptor kinase, and mediates the signal from the activin. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene.
MAD homolog 2
, SMAD, mothers against DPP homolog 2
, Sma- and Mad-related protein 2
, mother against DPP homolog 2
, mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2
, SMAD 2
, mothers against DPP homolog 2
, mothers against decapentaplegic-like 2
, MAD (mothers against decapentaplegic, Drosophila) homolog 2
, SMA- and MAD-related protein 2
, SMAD family member 2
, Smad 2
, mad-related protein 2
, LOW QUALITY PROTEIN: mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 2