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Data show that phospholipase D2 (PLD2)-produced phosphatidic acid (PA) promoted cell invasion through the the expression of angiogenin (ANG (zeige ANG Proteine)) in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (zeige MOK Proteine) (ccRCC) cells.
AQP3 (zeige AQP3 Proteine) siRNA and PLD2 siRNA significantly downregulated the mRNA and protein levels of AQP3 (zeige AQP3 Proteine) and PLD2 in the A431 cells; inhibiting proliferation and promoting apoptosis in vitro.
PLD2 is involved into pathogenesis of a vast array of human diseases, and as such it can be targeted for therapy. (Review)
Slug is a positive regulator, and Snail (zeige SNAI1 Proteine) a negative regulator, of PLD2 expression.
Data suggest that elevated membrane tension acts through phospholipase D2 (PLD2) and the mammalian target of rapamycin (zeige FRAP1 Proteine) complex 2 (mTORC2 (zeige CRTC2 Proteine)) to limit actin nucleation.
results suggest that the small GTPase (zeige RACGAP1 Proteine) RalA (zeige rala Proteine) plays an important role in promoting invagination and trafficking of caveolae, not by potentiating the association between Cav-1 (zeige CAV1 Proteine) and FilA but by stimulating PLD2-mediated generation of phosphatidic acid.
Suggest PLD expression in high grade serous ovarian carcinoma may have a role in mediating progression to effusions and chemoresistance.
PLD2 functions as a key mediator in the VEGF (zeige VEGFA Proteine)-mediated angiogenic functions of endothelial cells.
PLD2 protein itself interacts with HIF-1alpha (zeige HIF1A Proteine), prolyl hydroxylase (PHD (zeige PDC Proteine)) and VHL (zeige VHL Proteine) to promote degradation of HIF-1alpha (zeige HIF1A Proteine) via the proteasomal pathway independent of lipase (zeige LIPG Proteine) activity.
PLD2-mediated production of phosphatidic acid contributed to the control of EGFR (zeige EGFR Proteine) exposure to ligand through a multipronged transcriptional and posttranscriptional program during the out-of-control accumulation of EGFR (zeige EGFR Proteine) signaling in cancer cells.
Results suggest that PLD2 is the isoform that mediates aldosterone secretion and likely priming.
High PLD2 expression is associated with Lung Metastasis of Breast Cancer.
Pld1-/- and Pld2-/- mice present elevated free fatty acids (FFA) levels and are insulin (zeige INS Proteine) as well as glucose intolerant. In conclusion, these data suggest that deficiency of PLD1 or PLD2 activity promotes development of overweight and diabetes.
PLD1/2 signaling pathways are involved in mitogenic signaling in astrocytes.
Data show that although phospholipase D PLD1 deficiency impaired Fc epsilon receptor FcepsilonRI-mediated signaling and mast cell function, phospholipase D PLD2 deficiency actually enhanced these pathways.
PLD2 in neutrophils is essential for the pathogenesis of experimental sepsis
The impact of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation on phospholipase D (PLD) trafficking and activity in mast cells was investigated.
AQP3 (zeige AQP3 Proteine) has a pro-differentiative role in epidermal keratinocytes and PLD2 activity is necessary for this effect.
phosphatidic acid and phospholipase D1 and D2 have roles in leukocyte adhesion
PLD1 and PLD2 have roles in platelet alpha-granule secretion
The results indicate that PKC (zeige FYN Proteine) could be the final target and an integrator molecule of different signaling pathways triggered by angiotensin II (Ang II), which could explain the sustained activation of Na(+)-ATPase by Ang II (zeige AGT Proteine).
The protein encoded by this gene catalyzes the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine to phosphatidic acid and choline. The activity of the encoded enzyme is enhanced by phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and ADP-ribosylation factor-1. This protein localizes to the peripheral membrane and may be involved in cytoskeletal organization, cell cycle control, transcriptional regulation, and/or regulated secretion. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
, phospholipase D2-like
, choline phosphatase 2
, phosphatidylcholine-hydrolyzing phospholipase D2
, PLD 2
, phospholipase D gene 2