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Human ARF4 Protein expressed in Wheat germ - ABIN1345461
Norton, Lawson, Mahdi, Freytag, Clements: The A subunit of Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin functions as a mucosal adjuvant and promotes IgG2a, IgA, and Th17 responses to vaccine antigens. in Infection and immunity 2012
In summary, the authors show here that hepatitis C virus infection is associated with an upregulation of ARF4, which promotes hepatitis C virus replication. Upon hepatitis C virus infection, CREB3 (zeige CREB3 Proteine) was redistributed to nucleus and activated ARF4 transcription.
found ADP-ribosylation factor (zeige ARF1 Proteine) (ARF) 4 is one of the putative target genes of Mir (zeige MLXIP Proteine)-221, and the direct binding relationship was further confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay.
Data suggest that, when compared to intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) from germ-free mice, IECs from mice with commensal bacteria exhibit increased expression of microRNA-21-5p; up-regulation of expression of microRNA-21-5p appears to increase IEC permeability and up-regulates ADP ribosylation factor 4 (Arf4/ARF4) in mouse and human cells.
ARF1 (zeige ARF1 Proteine)+ARF4 are required for integrity of recycling endosomes but are involved in distinct transport pathways: the pair regulates retrograde transport from endosomes to the TGN (zeige TG Proteine).
A CREB3 (zeige CREB3 Proteine)-ARF4 signalling cascade may be part of a Golgi stress response set in motion by stimuli compromising Golgi capacity.
a crucial role for class II Arf proteins (Arf4 and Arf5 (zeige ARF5 Proteine)) in the dengue flavivirus life cycle
The lipid droplets deposition and the cellular triacylglycerol content are significantly increased by siRNA-mediated depletion of Arf4.
sLZIP-regulated ARF4 expression in response to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate is involved in breast cancer cell migration.
Arf4 regulates PLA2G6 (zeige PLA2G6 Proteine)-A activity together with Arf1 (zeige ARF1 Proteine); and gene silencing of Arf4 was shown to alter cytosolic coat protein (zeige GOLPH3 Proteine) I (zeige ANXA2 Proteine) subunit recruitment to the early secretory pathway.
ARF4 is a critical molecule that directly regulates cellular phospholipase D2 (zeige PLD2 Proteine) activity and this ARF4-mediated PLD2 (zeige PLD2 Proteine) activation stimulates AP-1 (zeige FOSB Proteine)-dependent transcription in the EGF (zeige EGF Proteine)-induced cellular response
ARF4 is required for Presenilin basal body localization, Notch (zeige NOTCH1 Proteine) signaling, and subsequent epidermal differentiation.
These findings are consistent with Arf4 playing a critical role in endomembrane trafficking, particularly in the pancreas, but not in ciliary function.
This work suggests that while Arf4 is not required for ciliary assembly, it is important for the efficient transport of fibrocystin to cilia, and also plays critical roles in non-ciliary processes
Findings suggest that Arf4 is a critical modulator of DG-mediated pattern separation by regulating dendritic spine development.
ASAP1 is a scaffold bringing together the proteins needed for transport to the cilia including the GTP-binding protein Arf4 & the 2 G proteins of the Rab family--Rab11 & Rab8--linked by the Rab8 guanine nucleotide exchange factor Rabin8.
somal CAPS2 (zeige CADPS2 Proteine) is associated with the Golgi membrane, and mediates binding and recruitment of the GDP-bound form of ARF4 and ARF5 (zeige ARF5 Proteine) to the Golgi membrane
a functional role for CAPS1 (zeige CAPS Proteine) in regulating DCV trafficking in the trans-Golgi network; this activity occurs via protein-protein interaction with ARF4/ARF5 (zeige ARF5 Proteine) in a GDP-dependent manner.
The newly identified ciliary targeting VxPx motif present in rhodopsin (zeige RHO Proteine) binds the small GTPase (zeige RACGAP1 Proteine) Arf4 and regulates its association with the trans-Golgi network.
swine ARF4 gene is over expressed in muscle, fat, heart, spleen, liver, and ovary and moderately expressed in lung and kidney but weakly expressed in small intestine
This gene is a member of the human ARF gene family whose members encode small guanine nucleotide-binding proteins that stimulate the ADP-ribosyltransferase activity of cholera toxin and play a role in vesicular trafficking and as activators of phospholipase D. The gene products include 5 ARF proteins and 11 ARF-like proteins and constitute one family of the RAS superfamily. The ARF proteins are categorized as class I, class II and class III\; this gene is a class II member. The members of each class share a common gene organization. The ARF4 gene spans approximately 12kb and contains six exons and five introns. This gene is the most divergent member of the human ARFs. Conflicting map positions at 3p14 or 3p21 have been reported for this gene.
ADP-ribosylation factor 2
, ADP-ribosylation factor 4
, ADP-ribosylation factor family-like protein
, ADP-ribosylation factor 4b