C3orf31 (chromosome 3 open reading frame 31), also known as MGC16471 or DKFZp434E0519, is a 316 amino acid mitochondrial protein that belongs to the MMP37 family and may be involved in translocation of transit peptide-containing proteins across the mitochondrial inner membrane. C3orf24 is encoded by a gene that maps to human chromosome 3p25.2. Chromosome 3 is made up of approximately 214 million bases encoding over 1,100 genes. Notably, there is a chemokine receptor gene cluster and a variety of human cancer related loci on chromosome 3. Particular regions of the chromosome 3 short arm are deleted in many types of cancer cells. Key tumor suppressing genes on chromosome 3 encode apoptosis mediator RASSF1, cell migration regulator HYAL1 and angiogenesis suppressor SEMA3B. Marfan Syndrome, porphyria, von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, osteogenesis imperfecta and Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease are a few of the numerous genetic diseases associated with chromosome 3.
Synonyms: C3orf31, Chromosome 3 open reading frame 31, MGC16471, MMP37 like protein, MMP37 like protein mitochondrial, MMP37-like protein, mitochondrial, MMP37_HUMAN.