GCF (GC-rich sequence DNA-binding factor), also known as C2orf3 (chromosome 2 open reading frame 3), transcription factor 9 (TCF-9) or DNABF, is a 781 amino acid nuclear protein that belongs to the GCF family. Widely expressed, GCF binds the GC-rich sequences of i²-Actin, EGFR and calcium-dependent protease (CANP) promoters. GCF contains multiple phosphoserine and phosphothreonine residues, and two GCF isoforms are produced due to alternative splicing events. GCF is considered a candidate for susceptibility to dyslexia (DYX3) as both genes reside in close proximity on human chromosome 2. Chromosome 2 is the second largest human chromosome and consists of 237 million bases, encodes over 1,400 genes and makes up approximately 8 % of the human genome.
Synonyms: Chromosome 2 open reading frame 3, DNABF, GC rich sequence DNA binding factor, GCF, TCF 9, TCF9, Transcription factor 9, GCFC2_HUMAN.