EXTL3 is a member of the EXT (hereditary multiple exostosin) gene family of tumor suppressors encoding glycosyltransferases involved in heparan sulfate (HS) biosynthesis. Within this family, the C-terminus is conserved between all members from C. elegans to vertebrates. EXTL3 is a ubiquitously expressed, developmentally regulated, single-pass type II membrane protein that localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. EXTL3 adds N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) to the polysaccharide-protein linkage region and to the growing HS chain suggesting that it plays a role in both the initiation and elongation of HS chains. In addition, EXTL3 may act as a Reg receptor, binding Reg via its N-terminus.
Synonyms: botv, DKFZp686C2342, Exostoses multiple-like 3, Exostoses-like 3, Exostosin-like 3, EXT-related protein 1, EXTL1L, EXTL3, EXTL3_HUMAN, EXTR1, Glucuronyl-galactosyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferas, Glucuronyl-galactosyl-proteoglycan 4-alpha-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, Hereditary multiple exostoses gene isolog, KIAA0519, Multiple exostosis-like protein 3, Putative tumor suppressor protein EXTL3, REG, Reg receptor, REGR, RPR.