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FFAR2 encodes a member of the GP40 family of G protein-coupled receptors that are clustered together on chromosome 19.
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Compared with the control group, the densitometric quantification and mean density of GPR43 and ChAT proteins, and expression of GPR43 and CHAT genes, were significantly decreased in the patients with mixed refractory constipation.
a single dose of soluble fibre was able to significantly reduce airway inflammation in stable asthma by downregulating GPR43 and GPR41 (zeige FFAR3 Proteine)
Short-chain fatty acids lowered TNF-alpha (zeige TNF Proteine)-induced MCP-1 (zeige CCL2 Proteine) expression by reducing phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (zeige MAPK14 Proteine) and JNK (zeige MAPK8 Proteine) in a GPR41 (zeige FFAR3 Proteine)/GRP43-dependent manner in renal cortical epithelial cells.
FFA2 processes mediated by Gi signaling, whereas, in concert with blockade by the Gq/G11 (zeige STK19 Proteine) inhibitor FR900359, the inability of AZ1729 to mimic or regulate propionate-mediated release of GLP-1 (zeige GCG Proteine) from mouse colonic preparations defined this physiological response as an end point transduced via activation of Gq/G11 (zeige STK19 Proteine).
the results of mutagenesis studies based on the crystal structure of hFFA1 bound to TAK (zeige CDK9 Proteine)-875 at 2.3 A resolution to identify important residues for orthosteric agonist 6e inducing FFA2 activation.
Although both agonist and antagonist ligands contain negatively charged carboxylates that interact with two key positively charged arginine residues in transmembrane domains V and VII (zeige TH Proteine) of FFA2, there are clear differences in how these interactions occur.
FFAR2 signaling occurs by divergent G protein pathways.
GPR3 agonism potentiates insulin secretion in isolated islets.
GPR43 expression is reduced in monocytes upon siRNA-knockdown of XBP1 (zeige XBP1 Proteine), while A549 cells overexpressing XBP1 (zeige XBP1 Proteine) displayed elevated GPR43 levels.
FFAR2 is a potential therapeutic target of T1 diabetes, representing a link between immune response and glucose homeostasis.
this study shows that free fatty acid receptor 2 promotes beta-cell proliferation
this paper show that microbiota metabolite short-chain fatty acid acetate promotes intestinal IgA response to microbiota which is mediated by GPR43
dual oxidase-2 (zeige DUOX1 Proteine) and IL-6 (zeige IL6 Proteine) play important roles in GPR43-mediated skin inflammation.
Loss of Ffar2 expression is associated with leukemia.
the role of GPR43 in adipose tissue macrophages, was examined.
loss of FFAR2 is associated with colon tumorigenesis.
Gestational glucose tolerance in WT mice, but not Ffar2-/- mice improved while on antibiotics. Gestational glucose tolerance worsened in Ffar2-/- mice during a second pregnancy. Maternal Ffar2 expression had no effect on the growth rates and glucose and glucose tolerance in the offspring.
A Western diet could aggravate the inflammatory colitis process; the activation of the GPR43 receptor pathway could be used as a new strategy to treat Crohn's Disease patients.
This gene encodes a member of the GP40 family of G protein-coupled receptors that are clustered together on chromosome 19. The encoded protein is a receptor for short chain free fatty acids and may be involved in the inflammatory response and in regulating lipid plasma levels.
G protein-coupled receptor 43
, G-protein coupled receptor 43
, free fatty acid activated receptor 2
, leukocyte-specific STAT-induced GPCR