Spermatogenesis is the process by which male spermatogonia develop into mature spermatozoa. DAZ (deleted in azoospermia) are RNA-binding proteins that play an essential role in spermatogenesis. DAZ proteins influence the first stages of spermatogenesis and the maintenance of germ cell populations. DAZ proteins (DAZ1, DAZ2, DAZ3, DAZ4 and DAZ5) are encoded by separate genes on chromosome Y, each of which contain an AZFc domain in their coding region. DAZ proteins localize to the nucleus of spermatogonia, but relocate to the cytoplasm during meiosis. DAZ proteins contain an RRM (RNA recognition motif) domain that may regulate mRNA translation by binding to the 3â€™UTR. Deletions in the genes encoding DAZ proteins may cause azoospermia or oligospermia which can lead to male infertility. DAZ4 (deleted in azoospermia 4), also known as pDP1680 or pDP1681, is a 579 amino acid testis specific protein that contains nine DAZ-like domains and two RNA recognition motifs (RRM). DAZ4 exists as two alternatively spliced isoforms.
Synonyms: DAZ4, Deleted in azoospermia 4, Deleted in azoospermia protein 4.