Regulatory subunit of the dimeric UBA3-NAE1 E1 enzyme. E1 activates NEDD8 by first adenylating its C-terminal glycine residue with ATP, thereafter linking this residue to the side chain of the catalytic cysteine, yielding a NEDD8-UBA3 thioester and free AMP. E1 finally transfers NEDD8 to the catalytic cysteine of UBE2M. Necessary for cell cycle progression through the S-M checkpoint. Overexpression of NAE1 causes apoptosis through deregulation of NEDD8 conjugation.
Subcellular location: Cell membrane
Synonyms: HPP1, ula-1, APPBP1, A-116A10.1, NEDD8-activating enzyme E1 regulatory subunit, Amyloid beta precursor protein-binding protein 1, 59 kDa, APP-BP1, Amyloid protein-binding protein 1, Proto-oncogene protein 1, NAE1