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This review addresses recent advances in the field of nonneuronal reelin signaling.
methylation status of the promoter proximal cytosine-phospho-guanine dinucleotides determines the expression of RELN in myeloma cells.
Meta-analyses of 12 RELN gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and related neuropsychiatric disorders (schizophrenia, autistic spectrum disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, Alzheimer's disease and bipolar disorders) with subgroup analyses based on ethnicity. Findings suggest a role of RELN SNPs in psychiatric diseases.
Significant association between rs17458357 , rs2572683,rs12555895 within the RELN gene and accelerated decline in Cognition performance in Chinese elderly male Gout population.
This study demonstrated that RELN DNA methylation (zeige HELLS Proteine) might contribute to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia.
The present investigation, performed on a study sample from a population with one of the highest suicide rates in the world, indicated an association between rs2965087 in the reelin gene and the expression of suicidal threats a month before suicide in contrast to other symptoms of depression.
Reelin is was low in primary breast cancer tissue, but higher in Her2 (zeige ERBB2 Proteine)(+) breast cancers (but not triple-negative ones) metastasizing to the brain, especially in the tumor periphery adjacent to surrounding astrocytes. In the neural niche, astrocytes epigenetically regulate Reelin expression and its interaction with Her2 (zeige ERBB2 Proteine) leading to increased proliferation and survival fitness.
Heterozygous RELN mutations cause a typical Autosomal Dominant Lateral Temporal Lobe Epilepsy syndrome, indistinguishable from that associated with LGI1 (zeige LGI1 Proteine) mutations.
We screened for mutations in RELN or VLDLR (zeige VLDLR Proteine) and compared the phenotype of these patients with that of previously reported patients. differences in clinical severity, involvement of the cerebellar hemispheres, together with the severity of the neocortical defect, enables RELN-mutated patients to be distinguished from VLDLR (zeige VLDLR Proteine)-mutated patients.
Reelin signaling is a critical player in the modulation of synaptic function.
The results of this study reveal that the Reelin/Dab1 (zeige DAB1 Proteine) pathway contributes to the fine tuning of the density of perisynaptic astroglial ensheathment of synapses established on newborn Granule Cells, with overactivation of the pathway resulting in reduced ensheathment and Reelin-downregulation leading to increased ensheathment.
Model selection was performed on different model structures and a comprehensive mechanistic model of the early Reelin signaling cascade is provided in this work
found that Reelin protein with intact C-terminal region binds preferentially toPurkinje cells
This study demonstrated that both the loss of reelin protein expression, caused by genetic mutation, and prenatal pesticide exposure can alter the shape and connectivity of neurons in several brain regions.
CHD7 (zeige CHD3 Proteine) is necessary for maintaining an open, accessible chromatin state at the Reln locus. Taken together, this study shows that Reln gene expression is regulated by chromatin remodeling, identifies CHD7 (zeige CHD3 Proteine) as a previously unrecognized upstream regulator of Reln, and provides direct in vivo evidence that a mammalian CHD (zeige CHRD Proteine) protein can control brain development
ADAMTS-3 was identified as the protease that cleaves and inactivates Reelin in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus. ADAMTS-3 was expressed in the excitatory neurons of the embryonic and postnatal cerebral cortex and hippocampus.
RELN R2290C heterozygous neurospheres reveals up-regulation of Protein Disulfide Isomerase (zeige P4HB Proteine) A1, best known as an endoplasmic reticulum-chaperone protein
A C-terminal region truncation of the reelin protein causes abnormal phenotypes in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus.
This study demonstrated that Reelin Maintain Postnatal CA1 (zeige CA1 Proteine) Hippocampus Integrity in mice.
Sex-associated and brain region-specific differences in reelin expression appear long before Abeta (zeige APP Proteine)-plaque formation in AbetaPP mutant Alzheimer disease model.
Developmental gene expression pattern of reelin, dab1 (zeige DAB1 Proteine), vldlr (zeige VLDLR Proteine), and apoer2 (zeige LRP8 Proteine) in the central nervous system of zebrafish was compared, and their remarkable expression was detected in the developing laminar structures and also non-laminated structures.
A peak in Reelin mRNA and protein expression is present in the pig embryonic brain during the period of major neurogenesis and neuronal migration.
This gene encodes a large secreted extracellular matrix protein thought to control cell-cell interactions critical for cell positioning and neuronal migration during brain development. This protein may be involved in schizophrenia, autism, bipolar disorder, major depression and in migration defects associated with temporal lobe epilepsy. Mutations of this gene are associated with autosomal recessive lissencephaly with cerebellar hypoplasia. Two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified for this gene. Other transcript variants have been described but their full length nature has not been determined.
extracellular matrix serine protease
, reelin, extracellular