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Human Poliovirus Receptor Protein expressed in Human Cells - ABIN2002083
Mendelsohn, Wimmer, Racaniello: Cellular receptor for poliovirus: molecular cloning, nucleotide sequence, and expression of a new member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. in Cell 1989
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Human Poliovirus Receptor Protein expressed in HEK-293 Cells - ABIN2180698
Chandramohan, Bryant, Piao, Keir, Lipp, Lefaivre, Perkinson, Bigner, Gromeier, McLendon: Validation of an Immunohistochemistry Assay for Detection of CD155, the Poliovirus Receptor, in Malignant Gliomas. in Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 2017
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The hybrid complex structure of CD226-ecto binding to the first domain of CD155 (hCD155-D1) reveals a conserved binding interface with the first domain of CD226 (D1), whereas the second domain of CD226 (D2) both provides structural supports for the unique architecture of CD226 and forms direct interactions with CD155.
CD155 is one of key molecules promoting the growth and metastasis of colorectal cancer.
These findings highlight the importance of the TIGIT/CD226/PVR axis as an immune checkpoint barrier that could hinder future "cure" strategies requiring potent HIV-specific CD8(+) T cells
Study investigated the more detailed mechanism for this cis-interaction of Necl-5 with the PDGF receptor beta. Necl-5 contains three Ig-like domains and the PDGF receptor beta contains five Ig-like domains at their extracellular regions; showed that the third Ig-like domain of Necl-5 cis-interacted with the fifth Ig-like domain of the PDGF receptor beta.
Studied association of poliovirus receptor (PVR/CD155) mutation and cleft lip and cleft palate. Validated previous findings that PVR/CD155 markers are associated with cleft lip and palate.
The authors demonstrate that HIV and specifically Nef and/or Vpu do not modulate CD155 on infected primary T cells and both CD155 and NKG2D ligands synergize as a natural killer cell receptor to trigger natural killer cell lysis of the infected cell.
Data show that gastric cancer cells inhibit T-cell metabolism through CD155/TIGIT signaling.
Studies showed that CD155 was frequently overexpressed in human malignant tumors. Its overexpression promotes tumor cell invasion and migration, and is associated with tumor progression. [review]
soluble CD226 elevated in sera of CTCL patients would be important for tumor immunity by interacting with CD155 on tumor cells.
data reveal that MICA and PVR are directly regulated by human cytomegalovirus immediate early proteins, and this may be crucial for the onset of an early host antiviral response
The SNP detection assay was successfully developed for identification of Ala67Thr polymorphism in human PVR/CD155 gene. The SNP assay will be useful for large scale screening of DNA samples.
sCD155 levels were significantly decreased after surgical resection of cancers. Thus, sCD155 level in serum may be potentially useful as a biomarker for cancer development and progression
implying that TIGIT exerts immunosuppressive effects by competing with DNAM-1 for the same ligand, CD155
The present study provides evidence that regulation of the PVR/CD155 DNAM-1 ligand expression by nitric oxide may represent an additional immune-mediated mechanism and supports the anti-myeloma activity of nitric oxide donors.
Our findings suggest that loss of CD155 expression may play an important role in the immune escape of HCC cells and thus CD155 may serve as a prognostic marker as well as a potential therapeutic target for HCC.
CD155 may play a critical role through both immunological and non-immuno logical mechanisms in pancreatic cancer and may be a therapeutic target for this intractable malignancy.
CD155 (PVR/Necl5) mediates a costimulatory signal in CD4+ T cells and regulates allergic inflammation.
The cell-surface receptor (Pvr) catalyzes a large structural change in the poliovirus that exposes membrane-binding protein chains.
In granulosa cells, there are significant changes in expression during follicular maturation.
UPR decreases CD226 ligand CD155 expression and sensitivity to NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity in hepatoma cells.
Data show that CD155 protein/CD226 antigen mainly mediates the interaction between NK cells and leukemic cells in acute myeloid leukemia. To investigate the interaction between leukemic cells
absence of either CD155 or CD226 in BALB/c mice causes a profound shift in the Natural Killer T-Cells subtype composition in thymus, expanding the frequency and numbers of iNKT1 cells at the expense of iNKT2 cells, as well as iNKT17 cells.
Results suggest that modulation of the expression of receptors and CD112 compensates for CD155 deficiency in immune surveillance against methylcholanthrene-induced tumors.
Sertoli cells recognize the excess cytoplasm of elongated spermatids through the PVR-CEACAM2-L interaction in mouse testis
TIGIT/PVR ligation signaling mediates suppression of IFN-gamma production via the NF-kappaB pathway.
Our data suggest that CD155 regulates T(h)2 differentiation
These observations establish a firm link between the functions of CD155 and CD226 in several T cell differentiation steps.
Necl-5/poliovirus receptor interacts with VEGFR2 and regulates VEGF-induced angiogenesis.
The TLR3-TRIF mediated antiviral response is important for protection against poliovirus infection in poliovirus receptor transgenic mice.
Necl-5 plays a role in the attraction of growing MTs to the plasma membrane of the leading edge of moving cells.
Newly matured CD8-positive thymocytes cannot be retained in the thymic medulla when CD155 expression is missing. Mature cells emigrate prematurely when CD155 is absent, cutting short their retention time in the thymic medulla.
mice lacking CD155 harbor significantly reduced numbers of follicular helper cells in their Peyer's patches.
CD155 appeared to be a key ligand recognized by DNAM-1 in NK cell-mediated suppression of metastases
Tage4 is tentatively re-named here nectin-like molecule-5 (necl-5) on the basis of its function and domain structure similar to those of nectins
These data indicate that Tage4 represents the functional orthologue of CD155 in mouse.
Necl-5/Tage4 regulates serum- and platelet-derived growth factor-induced cell migration in an integrin-dependent, nectin-3-independent manner, when cells do not contact other cells
Necl-5 plays roles not only in cell motility but also in cell proliferation
Necl-5 is induced by FGF or V12Ki-Ras through the Raf-MEK-ERK-AP-1 pathway.
The protein encoded by this gene is a transmembrane glycoprotein belonging to the immunoglobulin superfamily. The external domain mediates cell attachment to the extracellular matrix molecule vitronectin, while its intracellular domain interacts with the dynein light chain Tctex-1/DYNLT1. The gene is specific to the primate lineage, and serves as a cellular receptor for poliovirus in the first step of poliovirus replication. Multiple transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
, nectin-like 5
, nectin-like protein 5
, tumor-associated antigen 1
, tumor-associated glycoprotein pE4