Human Cytokine Array C2000

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Sandwich ELISA
Antibody Array (AA)
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Verwendungszweck C-Series Human Cytokine Antibody Array 2000 Kit. A combination of Human Cytokine Antibody Array C6, C7, & C8. Detects 174 Human Cytokines. Suitable for all liquid sample types.
Marke RayBio®
Proben Serum, Plasma, Cell Culture Supernatant, Cell Lysate, Tissue Lysate
Analytische Methode Semi-Quantitative
Nachweismethode Chemiluminescent
Spezifität Adiponectin (ACRP30), Activin A, AgRP, ALCAM (CD166), Amphiregulin, Angiogenin, Angiopoietin-2, Axl, CD80 (B7-1), BDNF, bFGF, BLC (CXCL13), BMP-4, BMP-5, BMP-6, BMP-7, beta-NGF, Betacellulin (BTC), Cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), CCL28 (MEC), CD14, Ck beta 8-1 (CCL23), CNTF, CTACK (CCL27), CXCL16, DR6 (TNFRSF21), Dtk, EGF, EGFR, ENA-78 (CXCL5), Endoglin (CD105), Eotaxin-1 (CCL11), Eotaxin-2 (MPIF-2/CCL24), Eotaxin-3 (CCL26), ErbB3, E-Selectin, Fas Ligand (TNFSF6), Fas Ligand (TNFSF6), FGF-4, FGF-6, FGF-7 (KGF), FGF-9, Flt-3 Ligand, Fractalkine (CX3CL1), GCP-2 (CXCL6), GCSF, GDNF, GITR (TNFRSF18), GITR Ligand (TNFSF18), GM-CSF, GRO alpha/beta/gamma, GRO alpha (CXCL1), HCC-4 (CCL16), HGF, I-309 (TCA-3/CCL1), ICAM-1 (CD54), ICAM-2 (CD102), ICAM-3 (CD50), IFN-gamma, IGFBP-1, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, IGFBP-6, IGF-1, IGF-1 R, IGF-2, IL-1 R2, IL-1 R4 (ST2), IL-1 R1, IL-10, IL-10 R beta, IL-11, IL-12 p40, IL-12 p70, IL-13, IL-13 R alpha 2, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17A, IL-18 BP alpha, IL-18 R beta (AcPL), IL-1 alpha (IL-1 F1), IL-1 beta (IL-1 F2), IL-1 ra (IL-1 F3), IL-2, IL-2 R beta (CD122), IL-2 R gamma (Common gamma Chain), IL-2 R alpha, IL-21 R, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-5 R alpha, IL-6, IL-6 R, IL-7, IL-8 (CXCL8), IL-9, IP-10 (CXCL10), I-TAC (CXCL11), LAP/TGF beta 1, Leptin, Leptin R, LIF, Light (TNFSF14), L-Selectin (CD62L), Lymphotactin (XCL1), MCP-1 (CCL2), MCP-2 (CCL8), MCP-3 (MARC/CCL7), MCP-4 (CCL13), M-CSF, M-CSF R, MDC (CCL22), MIF, MIG (CXCL9), MIP-1 alpha (CCL3), MIP-1 beta (CCL4), MIP-1 delta (CCL15), MIP-3 alpha (CCL20), MIP-3 beta (CCL19), MMP-1, MMP-13, MMP-3, MMP-9, MPIF-1 (CCL23), MSP alpha/beta, NAP-2 (PPBP/CXCL7), NGFR (TNFRSF16), NT-3, NT-4, Oncostatin M, Osteoprotegerin (TNFRSF11B), PARC (CCL18), PDGF-AA, PDGF R alpha, PDGF R beta, PDGF-AB, PDGF-BB, PECAM-1 (CD31), PLGF, Prolactin, RANTES (CCL5), SCF, SCF R (CD117/c-kit), SDF-1 alpha (CXCL12 alpha), SDF-1 beta (CXCL12 beta), gp130, Siglec-5 (CD170), TNF RII (TNFRSF1B), TNF RI (TNFRSF1A), TARC (CCL17), TECK (CCL25), TGF beta 2, TGF alpha, TGF beta 3, TGF beta 1, Thrombopoietin (TPO), Tie-1, Tie-2, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, TIMP-4, TNF alpha, TNF beta (TNFSF1B), TRAIL R3 (TNFRSF10C), TRAIL R4 (TNFRSF10D), uPAR, VE-Cadherin (CDH5), VEGF-A, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, VEGF-D
  • Easy to use
  • No specialized equipment needed
  • Compatible with nearly any liquid sample
  • Proven technology (many publications)
  • Highly sensitive (pg/mL)
  • Sandwich ELISA specificity
  • Higher density than ELISA, Western blot or bead-based multiplex
Bestandteile Antibody Array Membranes
Biotinylated Detection Antibody Cocktail
Blocking Buffer
Wash Buffers 1 and 2
Cell & Tissue Lysis Buffer
Detection Buffers C and D
Plastic Incubation Tray
Protease Inhibitor Cocktail (in select kits)
Benötigtes Material Pipettors, pipet tips and other common lab consumables
Orbital shaker or oscillating rocker
Tissue Paper, blotting paper or chromatography paper
Adhesive tape or Saran Wrap
Distilled or de-ionized water
A chemiluminescent blot documentation system (such as UVP's ChemiDoc-It® or EpiChem II Benchtop Darkroom), X-ray Film and a suitable film processor, or another chemiluminescent detection system.
Hintergrund Cytokines play an important role in innate immunity, apoptosis, angiogenesis, cell growth and differentiation. They are involved in interactions between different cell types, cellular responses to environmental conditions, and maintenance of homeostasis. In addition, cytokines are also involved in most disease processes, including cancer and cardiac diseases.
Applikations-hinweise Perform ALL incubation and wash steps under gentle rotation or rocking motion (~0.5 to 1 cycle/sec) using an orbital shaker or oscillating rocker to ensure complete and even reagent/sample coverage. Rocking/rotating too vigorously may cause foaming or bubbles to appear on the membrane surface which, should be avoided. All washes and incubations should be performed in the Incubation Tray (ITEM 10) provided in the kit. Cover the Incubation Tray with the lid provided during all incubation steps to avoid evaporation and outside debris contamination. Ensure the membranes are completely covered with sufficient sample or reagent volume during each incubation. Avoid forceful pipetting directly onto the membrane, instead, gently pipette samples and reagents into a corner of each well. Aspirate samples and reagents completely after each step by suctioning off excess liquid with a pipette. Tilting the tray so the liquid moves to a corner and then pipetting is an effective method. Optional overnight incubations may be performed for the following step to increase overall spot signal intensities:
- Sample Incubation
- Biotinylated Antibody Cocktail Incubation
- HRP-Streptavidin Incubation

The C-Series arrays feature chemiluminescent signal detection. The antibodies are spotted on nitrocellulose membrane solid supports and are handled in a very similar manner to Western blots.
All C-Series arrays work on the sandwich ELISA principle, utilizing a matched pair of antibodies: an immobilized capture antibody and a corresponding biotinylated detection antibody.

Probenmenge 1 mL
Plattentyp Membrane
  1. Block membranes
  2. Incubate with Sample
  3. Incubate with Biotinylated Detection Antibody Cocktail
  4. Incubate with HRP-Conjugated Streptavidin
  5. Incubate with Detection Buffers
  6. Image with chemiluminescent imaging system
  7. Perform densitometry and analysis
Aufbereitung der Proben

Use serum-free conditioned media if possible. If serum-containing conditioned media is required, it is highly recommended that complete medium be used as a control since many types of sera contains cytokines. We recommend the following parameters for your samples: 50 to 100 µl of original or diluted serum, plasma, cell culture media, or other body fluid, or 50-500 µg/ml of protein for cell and tissue lysates. If you experience high background or if the fluorescent signal intensities exceed the detection range, further dilution of your sample is recommended.

  1. Place each membrane into the provided eight-well tray (- means the antibody printed side). 2. Add 2 ml 1X Blocking Buffer and incubate at room temperature for 30 min to block membranes. Note: incubation may be done at 4 °C for overnight. 3. Incubate membranes with 1ml of sample at room temperature for 1 to 2 hours. Dilute sample using 1X Blocking Buffer if necessary. Note: We recommend using 1 ml of Conditioned media or 1 ml of original or 10-fold diluted sera or plasma or 50-500 µg of protein for cell lysates and tissue lysates. Dilute the lysate at least 10 folds with 1 X blocking buffer. Note: The amount of sample used depends on the abundance of cytokines. More of the sample can be used if the signals are too weak. If the signals are too strong, the sample can be diluted further. Note: Incubation may be done at 4 °C for overnight. 4. Decant the samples from each container, and wash 3 times with 2 ml of 1X Wash Buffer I at room temperature with shaking. Please allow 5 min per wash. Dilute 20X Wash Buffer I with H 2 O. 5. Wash 2 times with 2 ml of 1X Wash Buffer II at room temperature with shaking. Allow 5 min per wash. Dilute 20X Wash Buffer II with H 2 O. 6. Prepare working solution for primary antibody. Add 100µl of 1X blocking buffer to the Biotin-Conjugated Anti- Cytokines tube. Mix gently and transfer all mixture to a tube containing 2 ml of 1X blocking buffer. Note: the diluted biotin-conjugated antibodies can be stored at 4 °C for 2-3 days. 7. Add 1 ml of diluted biotin-conjugated antibodies to each membrane. Incubate at room temperature for 1-2 hours. Note: incubation may be done at 4 °C for overnight. 8. Wash as directed in steps 4 and 5. 9. Add 2 ml of 1,000 fold diluted HRP-conjugated streptavidin (e.g. add 2 µl of HRP-conjugated streptavidin to 1998 µl 1X Blocking Buffer) to each membrane. Note: Mix the tube containing 1,000X HRP-Conjugated Streptavidin well before use since precipitation may form during storage. 10. Incubate at room temperature for 2 hours. Note: incubation may be done at 4 °C for overnight. 11. Wash as directed in steps 4 and 5.
    Do not let the membrane dry out during detection. The detection process must be completed within 40 minutes without stopping. 1. Proceed with the detection reaction. Add 250µl of 1X Detection Buffer C and 250µl of 1X Detection Buffer D for one membrane, mix both solutions. Drain off excess wash buffer by holding the membrane vertically with forceps. Place membrane protein side up ( - mark is on the protein side top left corner) on a clean plastic sheet (provided in the kit). Pipette the mixed Detection Buffer onto the membrane and incubate at room temperature for 2 minutes. Ensure that the detection mixture is completely and evenly covering the membrane without any air bubbles. 2. Drain off any excess detection reagent by holding the membrane vertically with forceps and touching the edge against a tissue. Gently place the membrane, protein side up, on a piece of plastic sheet ( - mark is on the protein side top left corner). Cover with another piece of plastic sheet on the array. Gently smooth out any air bubbles. Avoid using pressure on the membrane. 3. Expose the array to x-ray film (we recommend to use Kodak x-omat AR film) and detect signal using film developer. Or the signal can be detected directly from the membrane using a chemiluminescence imaging system. Expose the membranes for 40 seconds and then re-expose the film according to the intensity of signals. If the signals are too strong (background too high), reduce exposure time (e.g. 5-30 seconds). If the signals are too weak, increase exposure time (e.g. 5-20 min or overnight). Or re-incubate membranes overnight with 1x HRP-conjugated streptavidin, and redo detection in the second day. 4. Save membranes in -20° C to -80° C for future reference.

Visual comparison of array images may be sufficient to see differences in relative protein expression. However, most researchers will want to perform numerical comparisons of the signal intensities (or more precisely, signal densities), using 2-D densitometry. Gel/Blot documentation systems and other chemiluminescent or phosphorescent detection systems are usually sold as a package with compatible densitometry software. Any densitometry software should be sufficient to obtain spot signal densities from your scanned images. One such software program, ImageJ, is available for free from the NIH website along with an array plug-in.

Testpräzision Inter-array Coefficient of Variation (CV) of spot signal intensities as low as 5% when run under optimal conditions.
Beschränkungen Nur für Forschungszwecke einsetzbar
Handhabung The antibody printed side of each membrane is marked by a dash (-) or number (#) in the upper left corner. Do not allow membranes to dry out during the experiment or they may become fragile and break OR high and/or uneven background may occur. Grasp membranes by the corners or edges only using forceps. DO NOT touch printed antibody spots.
Lagerung -20 °C
Informationen zur Lagerung For best results, store the entire kit frozen at -20°C upon arrival. Stored frozen, the kit will be stable for at least 6 months which is the duration of the product warranty period. Once thawed, store array membranes and 1X Blocking Buffer at -20°C and all other reagents undiluted at 4°C for no more than 3 months.
Haltbarkeit 6 months
Produkt verwendet in: Li, Zhang, Li, Chen, Li, Lu, Jia: "High Glucose Increases the Expression of Inflammatory Cytokine Genes in Macrophages Through H3K9 Methyltransferase Mechanism." in: Journal of interferon & cytokine research : the official journal of the International Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research, Vol. 36, Issue 1, pp. 48-61, 2016 (PubMed).

Shih, Wang, Zhou, Peng, Lee, Chiu: "Endothelial progenitors promote hepatocarcinoma intrahepatic metastasis through monocyte chemotactic protein-1 induction of microRNA-21." in: Gut, Vol. 64, Issue 7, pp. 1132-47, 2015 (PubMed).

Jin, Lee, Heo, Lim, Kim, Kim, Nam, Hong, Cho, Choi, Kim, Shin, Kim: "Senescence associated MCP-1 secretion is dependent on a decline in BMI1 in human mesenchymal stromal cells." in: Antioxidants & redox signaling, 2015 (PubMed).

Shimizu, Kuroda, Inoue, Konishi, Igarashi, Taneichi, Kanegane, Ito, Saito, Yachie: "Extensive serum biomarker analysis in patients with enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O111-induced hemolytic-uremic syndrome." in: Cytokine, Vol. 66, Issue 1, pp. 1-6, 2014 (PubMed).

Anderson, Titz, Akiyama, Komisopoulou, Park, Tap, Graeber, Denny: "Phosphoproteomic profiling reveals IL6-mediated paracrine signaling within the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors." in: Molecular cancer research : MCR, Vol. 12, Issue 12, pp. 1740-54, 2014 (PubMed).

Low-Marchelli, Ardi, Vizcarra, van Rooijen, Quigley, Yang: "Twist1 induces CCL2 and recruits macrophages to promote angiogenesis." in: Cancer research, Vol. 73, Issue 2, pp. 662-71, 2013 (PubMed).

Wang, Wang, Zhou, Song, Lin, Niu, Zhang, Hu: "Bioactive proteins in healthy pregnancies and preeclampsia: relevance to hypertension and proteinuria." in: Chinese medical journal, Vol. 126, Issue 11, pp. 2015-20, 2013 (PubMed).

Huang, Peng, Tang, Zhang, Guo, Zou, Peng: "Hypoxia of PC-3 prostate cancer cells enhances migration and vasculogenesis in vitro of bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells by secretion of cytokines." in: Oncology reports, Vol. 29, Issue 6, pp. 2369-77, 2013 (PubMed).

Hsiao, Sung, Liao, Wu, Hsieh: "Vitamin D3-inducible mesenchymal stem cell-based delivery of conditionally replicating adenoviruses effectively targets renal cell carcinoma and inhibits tumor growth." in: Molecular pharmaceutics, Vol. 9, Issue 5, pp. 1396-408, 2012 (PubMed).

Ho, Toh, Ng, Teo, Guo, Hui, Lam: "Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells suppress human glioma growth through inhibition of angiogenesis." in: Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio), Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 146-55, 2012 (PubMed).

Ho, Zhao, Dams-OConnor, Tang, Gordon, Peskind, Yemul, Haroutunian, Pasinetti: "Elevated plasma MCP-1 concentration following traumatic brain injury as a potential "predisposition" factor associated with an increased risk for subsequent development of Alzheimer's disease." in: Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD, Vol. 31, Issue 2, pp. 301-13, 2012 (PubMed).

Chan, Leung, Lam, Tam, To, Cheung, Leung, Poon, Lee, Li, Fok, Ng: "Immunoregulatory protein profiles of necrotizing enterocolitis versus spontaneous intestinal perforation in preterm infants." in: PLoS ONE, Vol. 7, Issue 5, pp. e36977, 2012 (PubMed).

Poffet, Abraham, Taramarcaz, Fontao, Borradori: "Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis: potential role of cutaneous angiogenin expression?" in: Dermatology (Basel, Switzerland), Vol. 223, Issue 1, pp. 32-5, 2012 (PubMed). (Probematerial (Species): Human). Weitere Details: Sample: Tissue Lysate (skin biopsy)

Moorefield, McKee, Solchaga, Orlando, Yoo, Walker, Furth, Bishop: "Cloned, CD117 selected human amniotic fluid stem cells are capable of modulating the immune response." in: PLoS ONE, Vol. 6, Issue 10, pp. e26535, 2012 (PubMed). (Probematerial (Species): Human). Weitere Details: Sample: Conditioned Media (AFS cells or BM-MSC s)

Wang, Zhou, Zhang, Wang, Song, Lin, Niu, Lin, Hu: "Proteins in leaked amniotic fluid as biomarkers diagnostic for prelabor rupture of membranes." in: Proteomics. Clinical applications, Vol. 5, Issue 7-8, pp. 415-21, 2011 (PubMed).

Shih, Chen, Chen, Kuo, Su, Burnouf: "Expansion of adipose tissue mesenchymal stromal progenitors in serum-free medium supplemented with virally inactivated allogeneic human platelet lysate." in: Transfusion, Vol. 51, Issue 4, pp. 770-8, 2011 (PubMed). (Probematerial (Species): Human). Weitere Details: Sample: Conditioned Media (S/D-PL and FBS MSCs)

Korf-Klingebiel, Kempf, Schlüter, Willenbockel, Brod, Heineke, Schmidt, Jantzen, Brandes, Sugden, Drexler, Molkentin, Wollert: "Conditional transgenic expression of fibroblast growth factor 9 in the adult mouse heart reduces heart failure mortality after myocardial infarction." in: Circulation, Vol. 123, Issue 5, pp. 504-14, 2011 (PubMed). (Probematerial (Species): Human). Weitere Details: Sample: Conditioned Media

Walenda, Bokermann, Jost, Galm, Schellenberg, Koch, Piroth, Drescher, Brümmendorf, Wagner: "Serum after autologous transplantation stimulates proliferation and expansion of human hematopoietic progenitor cells." in: PLoS ONE, Vol. 6, Issue 3, pp. e18012, 2011 (PubMed). (Probematerial (Species): Human). Weitere Details: Sample: Serum

Lin, Ko, Shih, Lin, Fu, Hsiao, Hsu, Fu: "Human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells promote recovery after ischemic stroke." in: Stroke, Vol. 42, Issue 7, pp. 2045-53, 2011 (PubMed). (Probematerial (Species): Rat (Rattus)). Weitere Details: Sample: Tissue lysate (cortices injected with HUMSCs)

Rudnick, Arendt, Klebba, Hinds, Iyer, Gupta, Naber, Kuperwasser: "Functional heterogeneity of breast fibroblasts is defined by a prostaglandin secretory phenotype that promotes expansion of cancer-stem like cells." in: PLoS ONE, Vol. 6, Issue 9, pp. e24605, 2011 (PubMed). (Probematerial (Species): Human). Weitere Details: Sample: Conditioned Media (primary fibroblasts from human breast tumors and reduction mammoplasty tissues)