Synonyms: A 152E5.1,ABCD 1,ABCD1,C C motif chemokine 22,CC chemokine STCP 1,CC chemokine STCP-1,ccl 22,Ccl22,CCL22,Chemokine (C C motif) ligand 22,DC/B CK,DCBCK,Macrophage-derived chemokine,MDC,MDC(1-69),MDC(7-69),MGC34554,SCYA22,Small inducible cytokine subfamily A (Cys Cys) member 22,Small inducible cytokine subfamily A, member 22,Small-inducible cytokine A22,STCP 1,STCP1,Stimulated T cell chemotactic protein 1 ,Stimulated T-cell chemotactic protein 1
Background: This antimicrobial gene is one of several Cys-Cys (CC) cytokine genes clustered on the q arm of chromosome 16. Cytokines are a family of secreted proteins involved in immunoregulatory and inflammatory processes. The CC cytokines are proteins characterized by two adjacent cysteines. The cytokine encoded by this gene displays chemotactic activity for monocytes, dendritic cells, natural killer cells and for chronically activated T lymphocytes. It also displays a mild activity for primary activated T lymphocytes and has no chemoattractant activity for neutrophils, eosinophils and resting T lymphocytes. The product of this gene binds to chemokine receptor CCR4. This chemokine may play a role in the trafficking of activated T lymphocytes to inflammatory sites and other aspects of activated T lymphocyte physiology.