Synonyms: CRES,CST 8,Cst8,CST8,cystatin 8 (cystatin related epididymal specific),Cystatin 8,Cystatin related epididymal specific,Cystatin related epididymal specific protein,Cystatin related epididymal spermatogenic protein,Cystatin related protein epididymis specific,Cystatin-8,Cystatin-related epididymal spermatogenic protein
Background: The cystatin superfamily encompasses proteins that contain multiple cystatin-like sequences. Some of the members are active cysteine protease inhibitors, while others have lost or perhaps never acquired this inhibitory activity. There are three inhibitory families in the superfamily, including the type 1 cystatins (stefins), type 2 cystatins and the kininogens. The type 2 cystatin proteins are a class of cysteine proteinase inhibitors found in a variety of human fluids and secretions. The cystatin locus on chromosome 20 contains the majority of the type 2 cystatin genes and pseudogenes. This gene is located in the cystatin locus and encodes a protein similar to type 2 cystatins. The encoded protein exhibits highly tissue-specific expression in the reproductive tract, suggesting implicit roles in reproduction. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants.