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LGN (zeige GPSM2 ELISA Kits) and Galphai participate in a long-inferred signal that originates outside the bundle to model its staircase-like architecture, a property that is essential for direction sensitivity to mechanical deflection and hearing.
stimulation of GPR17 (zeige GPR17 ELISA Kits) by the small molecule agonist MDL29,951 (2-carboxy-4,6-dichloro-1H-indole-3-propionic acid) decreases myelin basic protein (zeige MBP ELISA Kits) expression levels mainly by triggering the Galphai/o signaling pathway.
Gnai1 missense mutation is responsible of hyperpigmentation in mouse model.
acidosis in inflamed tissues may be a decisive factor to regulate switching of PKA and PKCepsilon dependence via proton-sensing G-protein-coupled receptors.
Data show that guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(i) subunit alpha-1 and alpha-3 (Galphai1/3) can interact with CD14 antigen/Grb2-associated binding protein Gab1, which modulates macrophage polarization in vitro and in vivo.
By using mice deficient in individual Galphai/o G-protein subunits, authors demonstrate that Galphai1 and Galphai3 are the critical in vivo targets of ADP-ribosylation underlying vasoactive amine sensitization elicited by pertussis toxin exposure.
leucine can directly facilitate insulin (zeige INS ELISA Kits) signaling through a Galphai protein-dependent intracellular signaling pathway
Inactive Galpha(i1)-GDP enhances the affinity of RGS14 for H-Ras-GTP in live cells, resulting in a ternary signaling complex that is further regulated by G protein-coupled receptors.
Mice with mutations of Gnai1 or Gnai2 (zeige GNAI2 ELISA Kits) have neither fusions of ribs nor lumbar vertebrae, but loss of both Gnai3 (zeige GNAI3 ELISA Kits) and one of the other two genes increases the number and severity of rib fusions without affecting the lumbar fusions.
Results suggest a model in which the Gbetagamma dimer that is released as a result of the dissociation from Galpha(o (zeige GNAO1 ELISA Kits)) upon activation of mGluR6 (zeige GRM6 ELISA Kits) closes the TRPM1 (zeige TRPM1 ELISA Kits) channel, perhaps via a direct interaction.
These data indicate that, unlike in taste cells, TAS2Rs couple to the prevalent G proteins, Galphai1, Galphai2 (zeige GNAI2 ELISA Kits), and Galphai3 (zeige GNAI3 ELISA Kits), with no evidence for functional coupling to Galphagust.
testosterone rapidly increased whole-cell HCAEC SKCa and BKCa (zeige KCNMA1 ELISA Kits) currents via a surface androgen receptor (zeige AR ELISA Kits), Gi/o protein, and protein kinase A
These findings suggest that Gi1 interacts only with active GPCRs and that the well known high speed of GPCR signal transduction does not require preassembly between G proteins and GPCRs.
CGRP (zeige S100A12 ELISA Kits) family of receptors displays both ligand- and RAMP-dependent signaling bias among the Galphas (zeige GNAS ELISA Kits), Galphai, and Galphaq (zeige GNAQ ELISA Kits)/11 pathways.
biochemical and computational data indicate that the interactions between alpha5, alpha1, and beta2-beta3 are not only vital for GDP release during G protein activation, but they are also necessary for proper GTP binding (zeige RND2 ELISA Kits) (or GDP rebinding).
Data indicate that hydroxyurea (HU) induces SAR1 (zeige IQGAP1 ELISA Kits) protein expression, which in turn activates gamma-globin (zeige HBG1 ELISA Kits) expression, predominantly through the Gialpha/JNK (zeige MAPK8 ELISA Kits)/Jun (zeige JUN ELISA Kits) pathway.
Gi alpha subunit (zeige POLG ELISA Kits) was found to be a key modulator of GABAB-receptors signaling in analgesia.
AC5, by binding active Galphai1, interferes with G-protein deactivation and reassembly and thereby might sensitize its own regulation.
Data indicate that focal adhesion kinase (FAK) activation and cell migration require Src, Gi/Go, COX-2 and LOXs activities.
resistin (zeige RETN ELISA Kits) contributes to the pro-inflammatory state of SMC (zeige DYM ELISA Kits) by the up-regulation of CX3CL1 (zeige CX3CL1 ELISA Kits) and CX3CR1 (zeige CX3CR1 ELISA Kits) expression via a mechanism involving NF-kB, AP-1 (zeige FOSB ELISA Kits), and STAT1 (zeige STAT1 ELISA Kits)/3 transcription factors, (2) resistin (zeige RETN ELISA Kits) employs TLR4 (zeige TLR4 ELISA Kits) and Gi-protein signaling.
Guanine nucleotide binding proteins are heterotrimeric signal-transducing molecules consisting of alpha, beta, and gamma subunits. The alpha subunit binds guanine nucleotide, can hydrolyze GTP, and can interact with other proteins. The protein encoded by this gene represents the alpha subunit of an inhibitory complex. The encoded protein is part of a complex that responds to beta-adrenergic signals by inhibiting adenylate cyclase. Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene.
adenylate cyclase-inhibiting G alpha protein
, guanine nucleotide binding protein, alpha inhibiting 1
, guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(i) subunit alpha-1
, Gi1 protein alpha-subunit
, alpha-subunit of G-protein, type G-alpha-i-1
, guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(i), alpha-1 subunit
, Gi1 protein alpha subunit
, Gi-alpha-1 protein
, guanine nucleotide binding protein (G protein), alpha inhibiting 1
, Galpha i1a